Nagami kumquat (CRC 3877)

Fortunella margarita (Lour.) Swingle

CRC 3877
PI 539729
VI 276


Received as budwood from John Carpenter's yard, Indio, CA, via CCPP, 1965.


Parents unknown.

Rootstocks of accession

Carrizo citrange

Season of ripeness at Riverside


Season of flowering at Riverside

July to August

Notes and observations

Nagami kumquat, Fortunella margarita, is the most commonly grown type

of kumquat. Kumquats are acid fruits that are popular in Asian countries, especially China. The tree is small to medium in size with a dense and somewhat fine texture.  The trees are remarkably cold-hardy due to their tendency to become semi-dormant from late fall to early spring. Kumquat trees are especially susceptible to zinc deficiency, which can cause small leaves and reduced internode distance.  The flowering season for kumquats is summer and the fruits mature in late winter, holding well on the tree. The typical Nagami fruit is oval in shape, one and one-quarter inch long and three-quarters of an inch wide. The entire fruit is eaten; the orange rind is sweet and the light orange flesh is acidic.  Each fruit contains about five or six seeds.

Description from The Citrus Industry Vol. 1 (1967)

"This species is the Naga or Nagami kinkan of Japan.  According to Swingle, the most distinctive features of this species are the oblong, obovate, or oval form of the fruit, the narrow range in number of segments (normally four or five), the deep color and pronounced flavor of both fruit and rind, and the comparatively large leaf and tree.

As previously indicated, this is the form which first reached the Occident.  It is vigorous and prolific and the fruit is deeply colored, pleasantly flavored, and of good size, though the rind oil is somewhat more pronounced than in other kumquats.  It is much the most popular variety both in the Orient and the United States."


Commercially available in California through the Citrus Clonal Protection ProgramClick here to order budwood.


USDA Germplasm Resources Information Network page for Nagami kumquat


Photos by David Karp and Toni Siebert, CVC.
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