Kao Pan pummelo (CRC 2349)

Citrus maxima (Burm.) Merr. RUTACEAE

CRC 2349
PI 109715
CPB 15123


Received as budded plants by G. Weidman Groff through O.A. Reinking, Los Banos, Philippine Islands. Received June 9, 1920.


Parents unknown.

Rootstocks of accession

Carrizo citrange, C-35 citrange

Season of ripeness at Riverside

Unknown at this time.

Notes and observations

This Kao Pan was from Nakon Chaisi, Siam. The plants were growing at the U.S. Plant Introduction Garden, Glenn Dale, MD. This accession should be the ideal Kao Pan due to it being donated by Groff from a collection made in Nakon Chaisi, Siam, where Kao Pans are said to have originated.

Description from George Weidman Groff's "Culture and Varieties of Siamese Pummelos as Related to Introductions into other Countries" (December, 1927)

"Kao Pan (which means "white flat") fruits are subglose, flattened, pistil-end depressed, and are without a neck. The rind is light to lemon yellow, smooth, and 1-2 centimeters thick. They have 12-15 segments, separating with difficulty. Flesh is light yellow. Each juice vesicle can be separated. They have a sweet, very mildly acid flavor, and there is slight to no bitterness."

Description from The Citrus Industry Vol. 1 (1967)

"Fruit medium-large, subglobose to spherical; apex slightly depressed; seedy if open-pollinated, but otherwise not (Soost, 1964).  Lemon-yellow (deeper than most) at maturity.  Rind medium-thick; faintly pebbled with prominent oil glands; tightly adherent.  Segments numerous (12-15); carpellary membranes thick and tough; axis medium-small and solid.  Juice sacs large, fleshy, easily separable, and moderately juicy.  Flavor sweet and mildly acid.  Early in maturity.

Tree medium-small, round-topped and drooping, nearly thornless; leaves medium-large and round-pointed; twigs and new shoots densely pubescent; large, woody flowers.

According to Groff (1927), Kao Pan is one of the most highly reputed varieties of Thailand and almost certainly originated in the Nakorn Chaisri district.  Groff considers Nakorn to be a synonym.  In California, however, Nakorn more closely resembles Kao Phuang; both clones were received from the U.S. Department of Agriculture in 1930.  The reason for this discrepancy doubtless resides in the fact that the original introductions into the United States were budded plants in the case of Kao Pan and Kao Phuang and seeds in the case of Nakorn."


Not commercially available in California.


USDA Germplasm Resources Information Network page for Kao Pan pummelo (CRC 2349)



Kao Pan pummelo (CRC 2349) 10001
Kao Pan pummelo (CRC 2349) 9002
Kao Pan pummelo (CRC 2349) 9003
Kao Pan pummelo (CRC 2349) 10004
Kao Pan pummelo (CRC 2349) 001
Kao Pan pummelo (CRC 2349) 004
Kao Pan pummelo (CRC 2349) 005
Photos by Toni Siebert and David Karp, CVC
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