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Sathgudi sweet orange

Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck


CRC 3083

PI 539603

Photos by David Karp and Toni Siebert, CVC. Photo rights.


Source: Received as budwood from Ed Pollock, Parkes, N.S.W., Australia, 1954.


Parentage/origins: Parents unknown.


Rootstocks of accession: Carrizo citrange, C-35 citrange


Season of ripeness at Riverside: Unknown at this time.


Notes and observations:

PBL: Mr. C.B. Roa from India says this variety is a commercial variety in India. This is an early maturing orange grown in the interior district of Andhra State. Originally from Madras State.

EMN, 2/8/1988: Fruit is a medium sized orange with good rind color (deep orange). This doesn't square with C.I. description: "Color greenish yellow to pale orange at maturity." Is this really Sathgudi? Could be and rind color is much paler in India. Seedy, still bit tart. Also note: Mr. Roa says this is an early maturing orange; the Citrus Industry says it is probably mid-season; and the fruit here now is still a bit tart, indicating mid/late season.


Description from The Citrus Industry Vol. 1 (1967):

" Fruit medium to large, globose; moderately seedy.  Color greenish-yellow to pale orange at maturity.  Rind medium-thick, tough, leathery; surface finely pitted and moderately pebbled; peels readily.  Carpellary membranes thick and tough; flesh orange-colored; juicy; flavor fair (sweet with some acid).  Midseason in maturity insofar as can be determined.
      Tree vigorous and moderately productive.  Commonly seed-propagated.
      The origin of Sathgudi is unknown, but probably relates to a village or community.  However, one of its local names in southeast India suggests that it may have come from Batavia, Indonesia.  For many years it has been the principal variety in southern India."

Availability: Not commercially available in California.

USDA Germplasm Resources Information Network page for Sathgudi sweet orange





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