Photos by David Karp and Toni Siebert, 12/1/2008, CVC. Photo rights.
Source: Received as seed from John Carpenter, USDCS, Indio, CA, 1956.
Parentage/origins: Parents unknown
Rootstocks of accession: Cleopatra mandarin
Season of ripeness at Riverside: Year round
Season of flowering at Riverside: April to October
Notes and observations:
J. Carpenter received seeds from Orlando, Fla. PI #98732. "Yakinaran". Open pollinated.
EMN, 2/1988: Dr. Bitters questions the identity of this accession. TCI (bottom left column of pp 317) indicates that A. ceylanica and A. zeylanica may be the same. But our accession (this and CRC 3725) are different. What do we have?
EMN, 1/23/1989: Several small purple fruits found- similar to fruits of CRC 1430.
Description from The Citrus Industry Vol. 1 (1967):
This species was described as it occurs in Ceylon by Trimen (1893, p. 227) as follows: "A much-branched bush, usually armed with very sharp, stout spines, 1/4-1 in. [6-25 mm] long, bark smooth, brown, young parts glabrous, l[eaves] very variable, 1 1/4-3 in. [3-7.6 cm long], lanceolate or oval-oblong or somewhat ovate, rounded at base, emarginate or 2-lobed at apex, entire, coriaceous, veiny, petiole short, thick, glabrous; fl[owers] 1/2 in. [13 mm diam.] or rather more, on somewhat slender, glabrous ped[icels], usually crowded in short, very finely pubescent, corymbose, or racemose cymes much shorter than the l[eaves], bracts minute; cal[yx] lobes broad, shallow, often obscure, finely ciliate; pet[als] 4 (rarely 3 or 5), oval, with a broad claw, obtuse, thick, slightly concave, glandular; stam[ens] 8, alternate ones longer, quite distinct, fil[aments] flat, rather wider than anth[ers], anth[ers] cordate-ovate, apiculate; ov[ary] sessile, smooth, 2-celled, with 2 collateral ovules in each cell; style short, stout, stigma clavate; berry 1/2-3/4 in. [13-19 mm diam.], globular-ovoid, 2-4-seeded."
Availability: Not commercially available in California.
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