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Hernandina clementine

Citrus clementina hort. ex Tanaka

 

CRC 4185

VI 628

 

HERNANDINAHERNANDINA

HERNANDINAHERNANDINA

Photos by David Karp and Toni Siebert, CVC. Photo rights.  

 

Source: Received as budwood from Valencia, Spain, 2001.

 

Parentage/origins: This variety is said to have originated in the town of Picasent.

 

Rootstocks of accession: Carrizo citrange, C-35 citrange

 

Season of ripeness at Riverside: October to December

 

Notes and observations:

This accession is protected by Intellectual Property Rights, it should be requested from the donor/developer.Assignee: Llatser, F., Agrupacion de Viveristas de Agrios SA. Comment: This variety was donated for evaluation and maintenance only.'Hernandina' originated as a bud mutation of 'Fina' (Bono-Ubeda et al, p 25; Saunt, p 56).According to Bono-Ubeda et al (p 25), trees of 'Hernandina' are vigorous and have good development. The size, form, juice content, and fruit quality are similar to 'Fina', but full color development is reached two months later. Seedless. Productive but with a slight tendency to alternate-bear. Should be cultivated in zones of late harvest with small risk of frost since it is not commercially interesting to offer this variety before the middle of February. Delay of harvest is not advisable since this can cause a small loss in the amount of juice and of acid, resulting in a diminuation of the normally excellent quality.


Additional information from Saunt (p 56) indicates that the delayed color development as compared to 'Fina' is particularly pronounced at the stylar end, which sometimes never completely colors. In contrast, internal maturity is reached in late November, only one or two weeks later than 'Fina'. Harvest normally starts in mid-January and can proceed until the end of February, at which time granulation develops and the tree is induced to alternate-bear. Saunt further states that 'Hernandina' is the most popular variety planted in Spain with about 8,000 ha producing about 100,000 tons. However, the market for 'Hernandina' is being challenged by extensive planting of 'Nour' in Morocco in recent years.

There is little information available on the potential perforamance of this selection in California. (RRK, 09/2007). Reference: Bono-Ubeda, R, J Soler-Aznar, L Fernandez de Cordova O'Conner. 1985. Variedades de Agrios Cultivadas en Espana. Generalidad Valenciana, Moncada (Valencia), Spain.

Availability: Commercially available in California through the Citrus Clonal Protection Program. This is a licensed variety of the California Citrus Nursery Society (CCNS). You must contact CCNS to obtain a license. Patent and/or propagation rights for this variety is held by the California Citrus Nursery Society. The budwood is available only for those has a License Agreement. To obtain a License Agreement, please contact:

Tom Delfino
California Citrus Nursery Society
359 Birchwood Drive
Moraga, California 94556-2304
Telephone:925-631-1626
Email: tdelfino@earthlink.net

Letter authorizing the Citrus Clonal Protection Program to maintain and register budwood source trees for these varieties in its facilities and to distribute budwood from these registered trees to sub-licensed citrus nurseries can be found here.

USDA Germplasm Resources Information Network page for Hernandina clementine

 

Bibliography:

Saunt, J. 2000. Citrus Varieties of the World. Rev ed. Sinclair Intl Ltd, Norwich, England.

 

CVC Fruit Quality Data for Hernandina clementine:

(Sorted by Julian date from Oct 1)

CULTIVAR LOCATION DATE Julian Date AGE SSC1 (%) SSC2 (%) Mean SSC tit1 (V/ml) tit2 (V/ml) Mean tit Citric acid (%) SSC/TA # FRUIT LENGTH  AVG. LENGTH  WIDTH AVG. WIDTH L/W WEIGHT AVG. WT. COLOR TEXTURE RIND SEEDS AVG. SEEDS INTERIOR  JUICE WT.  % JUICE
Hernandina Lindcove   10/12/2012 13 9.00 5.80 5.80 5.80 7.79 8.22 8.01 1.96 2.96 10 42.10 4.21 42.10 4.21 1.00 387.10 38.71 3.00 3.60 12.00 126.00 12.60 10 LT OR 155.60 40.20
Hernandina Lindcove   10/12/2012 13 9.00 8.30 8.20 8.25 10.55 10.22 10.38 2.51 3.30 10 46.40 4.64 49.60 4.96 0.94 604.50 60.45 3.00 3.50 15.00 184.00 18.40 10 LT OR 240.80 39.83
Hernandina Riverside  10/15/2012 16 5.00 8.00 7.90 7.95 6.63 6.27 6.45 1.56 5.12 10 43.80 4.38 48.00 4.80 0.91 540.30 54.03 3.00 3.00 18.00 153.00 15.30 10 LT OR 209.90 38.85
Hernandina Lindcove 10/17/2011 17 8.00 12.50 12.50 12.50 11.30 11.41 11.36 2.70 4.62 10 42.90 4.29 42.70 4.27 1.00 413.70 41.37 3.00 4.00 29.00 72.00 7.20 5 GR OR, 5 LT OR 162.30 39.23
Hernandina Lindcove 10/17/2011 17 8.00 10.90 10.80 10.85 10.09 9.92 10.01 2.40 4.54 10 47.30 4.73 45.10 4.51 1.05 488.20 48.82 3.60 3.50 16.00 73.00 7.30 5 GR OR, 5 LT OR 190.40 39.00
Hernandina Lindcove 10/17/2010 17 8.00 12.40 12.40 12.40 7.59 7.61 7.60 1.81 6.85 10 41.90 4.19 43.80 4.38 0.96 425.60 42.56 3.20 2.00 33.00 144.00 14.40 10 LT OR 154.60 36.33
Hernandina Lindcove 10/17/2010 17 8.00 12.00 11.90 11.95 8.70 8.89 8.80 2.10 5.71 10 40.90 4.09 43.40 4.34 0.94 417.80 41.78 3.00 1.50 25.00 106.00 10.60 10 LT OR 176.60 42.27
Hernandina Riverside 10/17/2010 17 3.00 9.00 9.10 9.05 4.37 4.32 4.34 1.05 8.59 10 51.20 5.12 52.60 5.26 0.97 721.30 72.13 3.00 3.00 27.00 187.00 18.70 10 LT OR 293.00 40.62
Hernandina Lindcove   10/18/2013 18 10.00 9.10 9.00 9.05 5.13 5.36 5.25 1.27 7.19 10 61.70 6.17 61.70 6.17 1.00 1160.80 116.08 3.00 3.00 17.00 53.00 5.30 10 MED OR 476.10 41.01
Hernandina Lindcove   10/18/2013 18 10.00 10.60 10.50 10.55 8.12 8.65 8.38 2.01 5.27 10 49.80 4.98 50.10 5.01 0.99 655.10 65.51 3.00 3.00 15.00 110.00 11.00 9 MED OR, 1 GR OR 263.10 40.16
Hernandina Riverside 10/19/2011 19 4.00 10.20 10.20 10.20 7.47 7.24 7.36 1.77 5.77 10 46.00 4.60 48.20 4.82 0.95 561.00 56.10 3.00 2.50 11.00 127.00 12.70 10 LT OR 269.20 47.99
Hernandina Lindcove 10/19/2011 19 11.00 11.10 11.20 11.15 10.45 10.29 10.37 2.48 4.47 10 44.30 4.43 43.20 4.32 1.03 421.00 42.10 4.00 3.00 19.00 157.00 15.70 2 GR OR, 8 LT OR 147.00 34.92
Hernandina Lindcove 10/19/2009 19 7.00 9.40 9.30 9.35 7.01 7.01 7.01 1.69 5.56 10 44.30 4.43 43.70 4.37 1.01 441.30 44.13 4.00 3.50 25.00 22.00 2.20 10 LT OR 177.60 40.24
Hernandina Lindcove 10/19/2009 19 7.00 10.10 10.10 10.10 8.01 7.95 7.98 1.92 5.26 10 49.30 4.93 49.60 4.96 0.99 628.00 62.80 4.00 3.50 32.00 59.00 5.90 10 LT OR 272.80 43.44
Hernandina Riverside 10/19/2009 19 9.00 11.60 11.60 11.60 8.88 8.97 8.93 2.13 5.44 10 41.00 4.10 41.30 4.13 0.99 368.50 36.85 3.20 2.00 28.00 135.00 13.50 6 LT OR, 4 GR OR 117.90 31.99
Hernandina Riverside   11/5/2012 37 5.00 9.70 9.70 9.70 3.98 3.90 3.94 0.95 10.22 10 41.20 4.12 45.50 4.55 0.91 485.00 48.50 3.40 3.00 14.00 116.00 11.60 10 MED OR 239.30 49.34
Hernandina Lindcove   11/5/2012 37 9.00 9.30 9.20 9.25 7.31 6.99 7.15 1.72 5.39 10 44.40 4.44 46.60 4.66 0.95 518.20 51.82 3.10 3.10 15.00 127.00 12.70 10 MED OR 237.80 45.89
Hernandina Lindcove   11/5/2012 37 9.00 10.10 10.00 10.05 6.68 6.57 6.62 1.59 6.34 10 48.00 4.80 51.00 5.10 0.94 661.80 66.18 3.00 3.00 11.00 164.00 16.40 10 MED OR 284.30 42.96
Hernandina Riverside 11/7/2011 38 4.00 10.90 10.90 10.90 4.52 4.66 4.59 1.10 9.91 10 45.30 4.53 49.80 4.98 0.91 588.60 58.86 3.00 3.00 22.00 101.00 10.10 3 MED OR, 7 LT OR 292.60 49.71
Hernandina Riverside 11/7/2011 38 11.00 11.70 11.60 11.65 7.91 8.19 8.05 1.92 6.08 10 41.60 4.16 41.90 4.19 0.99 392.60 39.26 3.00 3.00 21.00 96.00 9.60 2 MED OR, 8 LT OR 155.90 39.71
Hernandina Lindcove 11/7/2010 38 8.00 12.20 12.30 12.25 4.87 4.80 4.83 1.15 10.60 10 47.80 4.78 52.20 5.22 0.92 652.40 65.24 4.00 2.50 33.00 169.00 16.90 10 MED OR 266.70 40.88
Hernandina Lindcove 11/7/2010 38 8.00 11.80 11.80 11.80 5.00 5.01 5.00 1.19 9.88 10 47.50 4.75 53.10 5.31 0.89 687.10 68.71 3.90 2.00 35.00 172.00 17.20 10 MED OR 287.80 41.89
Hernandina Riverside 11/7/2010 38 3.00 9.90 9.90 9.90 2.87 2.83 2.85 0.69 14.44 10 53.40 5.34 55.80 5.58 0.96 870.00 87.00 4.00 2.50 33.00 224.00 22.40 7 MED OR, 3 LT OR 427.90 49.18
Hernandina Riverside 11/9/2009 40 9.00 12.50 12.50 12.50 5.24 5.20 5.22 1.24 10.06 10 43.70 4.37 46.20 4.62 0.95 481.20 48.12 4.00 3.00 38.00 144.00 14.40 2 LT OR, 8 MED OR 205.10 42.62
Hernandina Lindcove 11/10/2011 41 8.00 13.10 13.10 13.10 6.35 6.49 6.42 1.52 8.59 10 51.10 5.11 53.00 5.30 0.96 702.90 70.29 4.00 3.50 26.00 70.00 7.00 10 LT OR 292.00 41.54
Hernandina Lindcove 11/10/2011 41 8.00 11.30 11.40 11.35 5.81 5.66 5.73 1.37 8.24 10 52.20 5.22 55.70 5.57 0.94 821.30 82.13 3.80 3.50 21.00 73.00 7.30 4 OR, 6 LT OR 382.60 46.58
Hernandina Lindcove 11/11/2009 42 7.00 11.70 11.80 11.75 4.41 4.40 4.40 1.05 11.13 10 57.20 5.72 58.20 5.82 0.98 931.50 93.15 4.00 4.00 31.00 58.00 5.80 10 MED OR 383.10 41.13
Hernandina Lindcove 11/11/2009 42 7.00 11.10 11.10 11.10 4.50 4.56 4.53 1.08 10.23 10 55.30 5.53 58.30 5.83 0.95 926.50 92.65 3.40 3.00 28.00 35.00 3.50 10 MED OR 422.50 45.60
Hernandina Lindcove   11/11/2013 42 10.00 10.00 10.00 10.00 3.54 3.69 3.62 0.87 11.49 10 60.50 6.05 60.70 6.07 1.00 1204.10 120.41 4.00 3.00 17.00 31.00 3.10 10 MED OR 464.60 38.58
Hernandina Lindcove   11/11/2013 42 10.00 10.80 10.80 10.80 4.66 4.52 4.59 1.10 9.81 10 49.70 4.97 52.60 5.26 0.94 803.20 80.32 4.00 4.00 12.00 57.00 5.70 10 MED OR 323.40 40.26
Hernandina Riverside   12/3/2012 65 5.00 9.50 9.50 9.50 3.15 3.22 3.19 0.77 12.38 10 45.50 4.55 52.40 5.24 0.87 659.90 65.99 4.40 3.00 20.00 121.00 12.10 10 MED OR 314.80 47.70
Hernandina Riverside 12/5/2011 66 4.00 11.80 11.90 11.85 3.76 3.89 3.83 0.91 12.91 10 49.00 4.90 54.20 5.42 0.90 755.60 75.56 5.00 3.00 29.00 112.00 11.20 10 MED OR 412.20 54.55
Hernandina Lindcove 12/5/2011 66 11.00 11.00 10.90 10.95 5.08 4.89 4.99 1.20 9.20 10 43.00 4.30 45.90 4.59 0.94 473.20 47.32 4.00 2.50 30.00 108.00 10.80 10 MED OR 229.70 48.54
Hernandina Riverside 12/6/2010 67 3.00 10.30 10.30 10.30 3.15 3.19 3.17 0.76 13.53 10 55.00 5.50 60.40 6.04 0.91 1030.60 103.06 5.00 2.00 37.00 222.00 22.20 10 MED OR 453.00 43.95
Hernandina Riverside 12/8/2009 69 9.00 12.80 12.70 12.75 4.04 4.09 4.07 0.97 13.22 10 46.90 4.69 51.50 5.15 0.91 610.80 61.08 4.60 2.00 26.00 114.00 11.40 10 MED OR 290.60 47.58
Hernandina Lindcove 12/9/2011 70 8.00 13.50 13.40 13.45 4.69 4.89 4.79 1.14 11.88 10 49.50 4.95 54.70 5.47 0.90 750.20 75.02 6.00 4.50 35.00 156.00 15.60 10 MED OR 286.50 38.19
Hernandina Lindcove 12/9/2011 70 8.00 10.60 10.60 10.60 4.06 4.29 4.17 1.00 10.60 10 52.50 5.25 57.60 5.76 0.91 910.50 91.05 5.90 4.50 31.00 104.00 10.40 10 MED OR 390.50 42.89
Hernandina Lindcove 12/9/2010 70 8.00 12.40 12.40 12.40 3.68 3.86 3.77 0.90 13.81 10 47.50 4.75 52.20 5.22 0.91 654.00 65.40 6.00 3.00 30.00 141.00 14.10 10 MED OR 254.30 38.88
Hernandina Lindcove 12/9/2010 70 8.00 12.00 12.00 12.00 3.63 3.84 3.73 0.89 13.48 10 47.00 4.70 55.20 5.52 0.85 731.80 73.18 5.20 3.00 33.00 129.00 12.90 10 MED OR 296.00 40.45
Hernandina Lindcove   12/13/2013 74 10.00 10.00 10.00 10.00 2.45 2.38 2.42 0.58 17.21 10 68.00 6.80 73.70 7.37 0.92 1730.70 173.07 5.00 5.00 31.00 26.00 2.60 10 MED OR 664.70 38.41
Hernandina Lindcove   12/13/2013 74 10.00 11.00 11.00 11.00 3.17 3.10 3.14 0.75 14.65 10 59.30 5.93 62.50 6.25 0.95 1107.70 110.77 5.00 5.00 30.00 115.00 11.50 10 MED OR 448.10 40.45
Hernandina Lindcove 12/14/2009 75 7.00 13.00 13.10 13.05 3.59 3.62 3.61 0.86 15.16 10 55.00 5.50 58.90 5.89 0.93 901.20 90.12 6.70 3.50 35.00 39.00 3.90 10 MED OR 403.30 44.75
Hernandina Lindcove 12/14/2009 75 7.00 11.80 11.90 11.85 2.75 2.80 2.78 0.66 17.78 10 57.80 5.78 60.40 6.04 0.96 1042.80 104.28 5.00 4.00 29.00 94.00 9.40 10 MED OR 446.00 42.77
Hernandina Lindcove   12/14/2012 76 9.00 11.90 11.80 11.85 3.51 3.55 3.53 0.84 14.13 10 49.30 4.93 56.00 5.60 0.88 780.40 78.04 6.00 3.00 31.00 121.31 12.13 10 MED OR 328.20 42.06
Hernandina Lindcove   12/14/2012 76 9.00 11.90 11.90 11.90 3.39 3.33 3.36 0.80 14.84 10 49.10 4.91 57.10 5.71 0.86 824.40 82.44 5.70 3.00 30.00 121.51 12.15 10 MED OR 317.30 38.49

 



 



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