Femminello Siracusano 2KR lemon
Citrus × limon L. Burm.f.
Photos by David Karp and Toni Siebert, 4/8/2011, CVC. Photo rights.
Source: Received as budwood from Sicily, Italy, 2006.
Parentage/origins: As regard the Femminello Siracusano 2KR, this selection was released in the past from my Institute and is a nucellar selection of Femminello Siracusan obtained from a culture in vitro of nucella. Before the nucella isolation the fruit used was irradiated with gamma rays (2KR, Co 60)." (email from the developer, Giuseppe Reforgiato Recupero, ISA, Acireale, 11/16/2007).
Rootstocks of accession: Yuma Ponderosa lemon, Citrus macrophylla
Season of ripeness at Riverside: Unknown at this time.
Notes and observations:
"The 'Femminello' group of lemons is the most important group in Italy. It comprises several selections with individual characteristics. The two main sub-groups are the 'Femminello Ovale' (also known as the 'Femminello Comune') and the 'Femminello Sfusato' (also known as the 'Femminello Siracusa'). The 'Ovale' is more widely planted due to having superior fruit characteristics. 'Sfusato'/'Siracusa' produce elongated, seedy fruit and are thorny. More recently, 'Santa Teresa' has been utilized as it is more resistant to mal secco. The present accession, 'Femminello siracusano 2KR' is apparently a selection of the 'siracusa' type. It is probably considered to be superior but we currently have no information on what characteristics might be superior to the older selections. (RRK, 12/2006)
According to the developer (Giuseppe Reforgiato Recupero, ISA, Acireale, email of 11/16/2007): "The mainn characteristics of this selection are: large productivity, few or absent thorns in the branch, fast growth of the fruits so Femminello Siracusano 2KR can be considered an early selection". (RRK, 12/2007).
Availability: Commercially available in California through the Citrus Clonal Protection Program.
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